Linux : a kernel and the most famous piece of Free software
Kernel: the core of an operating system (manages hardware...).
By 1990, the GNU operating system was almost complete; the only major missing component was the kernel.
1991, Linus Torvalds:
I'm doing a (free) operating system (just a hobby, won't be big and
professional like gnu) for 386(486) AT clones.
Linux was quickly released under the GNU GPL, and got to version 1.0 in 1994!
One should talk about the Linux kernel, and the GNU/Linux operating system.
Linux is also emblematic of the success of the Free software development model.
- Kernel (computer science) - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kernel_%28computer_science%29
- The GNU Operating System and the Free Software Movement, Richard M. Stallman - http://www.oreilly.com/catalog/opensources/book/stallman.html
- Linux History - http://www.li.org/linuxhistory.php
- Linux Timeline - http://www.linuxjournal.com/article.php?sid=6000
- The GNU kernel, the Hurd is a collection of servers that run on a microkernel. An ambitious project. http://www.gnu.org/software/hurd/hurd.html