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The system stores information about files in a structure known as an inode. This information includes:
- The file's type (regular file, directory, symbolic link),
- The file's size (in bytes),
ctime, the time the file's inode was last modified,
mtime, the time the file's content was last modified,
atime, the time the file was last accessed (read, executed),
and file permissions:
- The file's owner (
- The file's group (
- The file's mode bits or permissions bits.
- Display file or filesystem status.